In time, a Second and a Third African Church were formed, also led by black pastors.
In the North, blacks had more authority over their religious affairs.
The term "the black church" evolved from the phrase "the Negro church," the title of a pioneering sociological study of African American Protestant churches at the turn of the century by W. African American Christians were never monolithic; they have always been diverse and their churches highly decentralized.
In black churches, women generally were not permitted to preach.
One notable exception was Jarena Lee, who became an itinerant preacher, traveling thousands of miles and writing her own spiritual autobiography.
Additional credits include Vietnam: A Television History, AMERICAN EXPERIENCE, Castro’s Challenge, The Kennedys, Nixon and Julia! In the fall of 2008, newspapers, talk shows and blogs exploded with news that the Rev.
Jeremiah Wright, the African American minister from Chicago's Trinity Church, had denounced the United States with inflammatory language: "God damn America! While many white voters seemed surprised, puzzled and shocked by Wright's angry rhetoric, African Americans were less so.
Forging a unique synthesis, slaves gathered in "hush harbors" -- woods, gullies, ravines, thickets and swamps -- for heartfelt worship which stressed deliverance from the toil and troubles of the present world, and salvation in the heavenly life to come.